Links to helpful external content
The DSM5 criteria for substance use disorders are helpful to determine if there is sufficient reason to worry about addiction (versus a mild substance use disorder). Note that the illegality of the drug used is irrelevant in considering whether or not it is a health hazard. On the other hand, evidence of physiological dependence (as evidenced by withdrawal symptoms when stopping use) is not necessary to meet the diagnosis.
Very interesting article by Nora Volkow from NIDA about the results of some French research differentiating between characteristic behaviors of those who simply abuse drugs and those who become addicted.
* Note * Links to external content were selected to provide members with supplemental information about the topic for each PTA lesson. They were selected because PTA consultants value the information and find it consistent with the values and philosophy of Parenting Through Addiction as it applies to the specific lesson. The inclusion of information from any external source (including treatment centers) is not an endorsement of any organization or individual. PTA members are encouraged to apply their own research methods before selecting any external provider to support their family.